How to Write an Abstract Using the AMA Format

It’s essential to use structured abstracts in writing clinical reviews and systematic reviews according to American Medical Association Format. Students writing initial studies or the systematic review should use the structured abstract. You can use non-structured abstracts but in papers listed in that category.

The AMA-11 doesn’t tell which font size to use in your writing when looking at the style. It’s recommended that you use the Times New Roman font with a 12-point size for all the body of the abstract. Please don’t use the above format for the headings and paper titles. The primary paper titles and the heading should be in the 14- point size Arial Font. Any other title from the second level heading to the last should be in font 12- point using the same Arial font type. You need to include the DOI (the digital object identifier). If you don’t have the DOI and you have a URL, then use it. It’s not advisable to add a period after the URL or the DOI in the reference section. The recommendations from the AMA Manual Style recommend giving DIOs as metadata. It would be best to capitalize the sentence style in figures and tables but not the headings (titles). The health care system doesn’t allow the use of hyphens. It would help if you avoided honorary degrees and fellowship designations. Include only the undergraduate degrees if at all they are the highest earned degrees. The subtitles and tittles should be specific and concise with the main points. Specify the population type in the title whenever possible.

The subtitles should be in lowercase except for proper nouns. The first letter beginning a sentence or after a question mark should also be in the capital. If there is a need for quotation marks in the subtitles and titles, they must be double and not single. Don’t use abbreviations in subtitles and titles. Only use acronyms if they are well known for space considerations or the name of the group or entities. Capitalize the first letters of main words in subheadings and headings. Don’t capitalize propositions of less than three letters. You have to do the same for the coordinating conjunctions and the infinitives. You should capitalize all two-letter verbs like Be and Is. The work that won’t get published has an appendix after writing the references.

All the AMA-11 punctuation is concise. The abbreviations, e.g., et al., don’t have periods in this AMA manual. Merge the reference with punctuations necessary for dividing elements.

The title page in the AMA-11 doesn’t have specific requirements. It makes the templates and papers for LUO students unique. It would be best if you remembered to submit a structured abstract for the original research papers. The clinical and synthesized reviews also use structured abstracts. The different remaining categories can use the unstructured abstract format. If you aren’t sure about the abstract type to use, ask your instructor for help and guidance. The main body of a structured abstract should have the importance and aims of the research paper. It should also have the setting, design, and participants in the research. Don’t forget to talk about the primary outcome, measures, results, and conclusion.


When using the AMA-11 format, don’t forget to have a section for citations. Create a section also for the bible if they feature anywhere in the research paper. 

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